Has the definition of victim changed?

Yes.  A victim is now defined as an individual who has suffered physical or emotional harm, property damage, or economic loss as the result of the commission of an offence.

The following individuals will also be able to exercise your rights when a victim is dead or incapable of acting on his or her behalf:

  • The victim's spouse or common-law partner;

  • A relative or dependant of the victim; and

  • Anyone who has custody of the victim, or is responsible for the care or support of the victim's dependant.

There are some exceptions to the definition of a victim. This includes a person who has been charged, convicted or found not criminally responsible due to a mental disorder for the offence that resulted in the victimization cannot also be defined as a victim in relation to the offence. 

For example, if a parent has been charged with abuse of their child, that parent cannot exercise the child victim's rights or the rights of a parent of the child under the CVBR.

This information was gathered directly from Correctional Service Canada. For more information, please visit https://www.csc-scc.gc.ca/victims/003006-1003-eng.shtml

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